Safety signs are an essential part of any workplace safety program. They draw attention to important information, remind workers about hazards, and help prevent unsafe behavior. However, some common mistakes can make signs less effective or even cause them to be ignored completely. Mistakes include placing signs in the wrong place, using vague messages, and failing to maintain signs.
In the Wrong Place
A sign that warns of a hazard too soon may be overlooked or ignored completely because workers can’t yet perceive the hazard. Each time workers see a safety sign, they perform an internal risk assessment to determine if they should comply with the sign’s message. If the hazard isn’t apparent in the environment, workers are less likely to comply with the sign.
Another problem occurs when signs are placed too close to the hazard or can’t be seen from a normal point of view. In both cases, these signs are unlikely to be seen, or if they are seen, it may be too late for workers to comply with the warning.
Problem: Sign is placed too high to be easily seen. Solution: Sign is lowered, so it can be more readily seen.
(Source: “Safety Hierarchy: Design Vs. Warnings.” Visual Expert.)
Safety signs should be placed where they can be seen and where they are needed. While there isn’t an absolute formula for this, there are some general rules that can help, which includes:
Placing signs at safe viewing distance from the hazard
Ensuring signs can be seen from the normal point of approach
Ensuring placement gives workers enough time to respond to the sign before they encounter the hazard
Ensuring signs are not obstructed and can be seen in low-light conditions by using lighting and reflective materials as needed
Another common mistake occurs when safety signs don’t clearly communicate their intended message. Messages may be vague or use jargon that may not be widely understood. Dr. Green explains that the effectiveness of the warning depends largely upon the knowledge and experience of each viewer.
(Source: “The Psychology of Warnings.” Visual Expert.)
A sign, for example, that reads “Warning: Crush Hazard” is vague. It requires viewers to have prerequisite knowledge of the required action and the exact consequence: What exactly gets crushed and how do you avoid being hurt?
Problem: Sign provides no details to help workers identify the hazard. Solution: Sign clearly indicates the hazard and its source.
If the sign is located on a loading dock, workers will likely interpret the sign differently. One might interpret the sign as a warning about overhead loads, which could fall and crush workers. Another employee might read the sign as a warning about being caught between a truck and another object. Both hazards exist, but the sign relies on the knowledge of each worker to complete the message. Which hazard is it referring to?
To create an effective message, make sure it communicates essential information that can be widely understood. This can be done by following some simple guidelines. These guidelines include:
Clearly stating the required action (“Keep Clear,” “Do Not Operate,” etc.)
Using precise language to communicate the source of the hazard (what does the crushing?)
Using an image to help communicate the hazard (what gets crushed?)
All too often, signs are put up and then forgotten. This leads to faded, obstructed, and outdated signs. At best, signs become difficult to read. At worst, signs cannot be read or provide inaccurate information. One common mistake revolves around electrical safety signs. When equipment is updated, voltages may change, altering arc flash and other hazards. A panel that once required category two personal protective equipment (PPE) may require category four PPE after the update. The outdated sign will mislead electricians, putting them in danger.
Problem: Sign is faded from lack of maintenance. Solution: Sign is replaced with a new, clear sign.
Workplace safety can be improved by properly maintaining your facility’s safety signs. Make sign maintenance part of your safety program by:
Replacing worn or damaged safety signs
Moving signs that have become obstructed by equipment or other items
Updating safety signs when systems are changed or new hazards are identified
These simple steps will eliminate safety issues caused by poorly maintained signs and help keep workers safe by providing clear, accurate information.
Safety Sign Solutions
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