For all the advances the mining industry has enjoyed in recent years, safety remains a pressing concern. This infographic offers a look at the 10 deadliest hazards miners face on the job, along with relevant statistics and information on how to stay safe.
The following is a transcript of the 10 Deadliest Hazards for Miners Infographic:
10 Deadliest Hazards for Miners
Throughout much of the 20th century, hundreds of miners died every single year. Given some of the hazards present in mines throughout the United States—including powerful machinery, darkened tunnels, and combustible materials—it's not hard to see the danger these workers face every time they start their shift.
Mining has become a safer occupation in recent years, but challenges remain. Here's a look at mining fatality statistics, with tips and resources for keeping miners safe on the job.
349,898 miners working in & around 13,299 mines in 2015
102,804 miners working in & around 1,460 mines
49,417 citations & orders issued to mines cost $37.1 million
METAL & NONMETAL
247,094 miners working in & around 11,839 mines
58,548 citations & orders issued to mines cost $27.9 million
107,965 total citations & orders issued by MSHA cost $65 million
10 Deadliest Hazards for Miners
These were the deadliest hazards for miners in coal and metal/nonmetal surface mines between 2011 and 2015, with the number of corresponding fatalities.
Coal: 21 Metal/nonmetal: 29
Coal: 26 Metal/nonmetal: 17
Slip/fall of a person:
Coal: 6 Metal/nonmetal: 16
Fall of face, rib, or high wall
Coal: 13 Metal/nonmetal: 5
Fall of roof or back:
Coal: 8 Metal/nonmetal: 3
Exploding & breaking agents:
Coal: 0 Metal/nonmetal: 5
Coal: 2 Metal/nonmetal: 15
Coal: 4 Metal/nonmetal: 4
Coal: 3 Metal/nonmetal: 3
Coal: 1 Metal/nonmetal: 2
Breakdown of Metal/Nonmetal Mine Fatalities:
Here are the total metal/nonmetal mine fatalities between 2011 and 2015, broken down by nature of the incident.
2011: 16, 2012: 16, 2013: 22, 2014: 29, 2015: 17.
of the 100 metal/nonmetal mine fatalities between 2011 and 2015: 77% took place in surface mines and 23% took place in underground mines.
Includes collisions with mobile equipment, such as hauling trucks and bulldozers, and accidents involving belt conveyors (such as not following lockout/tagout (LO/TO) procedures, a lack of machine guarding, or inadequate communication with workers performing the task).
Includes machines in motion and energized equipment (that should have been subject to lockout/tagout procedures).
Means that a material falls or slides to a lower level (due to openings that aren't covered or secured, improper or missing barricades, suspended loads, and other errors).
Fall of Roof, Face, Rib, Back & High Wall
Occurs when a mine's support structure or roof collapses.
Includes fires, explosions, LO/TO violations on electrical equipment, or power line clearance.
Exploding Vessels Under Pressure
Occurs when a pressurized container explodes, due to equipment failure.
Accidents are when heavy materials strike a worker, usually during construction or installation tasks. This usually results from using improper rigging when installing something, not having spotters, or a combination of the two.
Slip/Fall of a Person
Occurs when a worker slips and falls, whether due to a lack of PPE, unguarded holes, weather conditions, or other factors.
Exploding & Breaking Agents
Includes fatalities where employees weren't protected from the blast area, flyrock, or any gasses present on the jobsite.
Incidents (such as drowning) that don't fall into the categories.
Fatalities involve hoists and scoops that transport miners and supplies in and out of a mine.