10 Deadliest Hazards for Miners
BY GRAPHIC PRODUCTS EDITORIAL STAFF
For all the advances the mining industry has enjoyed in recent years, safety remains a pressing concern. This infographic offers a look at the 10 deadliest hazards miners face on the job, along with relevant statistics and information on how to stay safe.
The following is a transcript of the 10 Deadliest Hazards for Miners Infographic:
10 Deadliest Hazards for Miners
Throughout much of the 20th century, hundreds of miners died every single year. Given some of the hazards present in mines throughout the United States—including powerful machinery, darkened tunnels, and combustible materials—it's not hard to see the danger these workers face every time they start their shift.
Mining has become a safer occupation in recent years, but challenges remain. Here's a look at mining fatality statistics, with tips and resources for keeping miners safe on the job.
349,898 miners working in & around 13,299 mines in 2015
102,804 miners working in & around 1,460 mines
49,417 citations & orders issued to mines cost $37.1 million
METAL & NONMETAL
247,094 miners working in & around 11,839 mines
58,548 citations & orders issued to mines cost $27.9 million
107,965 total citations & orders issued by MSHA cost $65 million
10 Deadliest Hazards for Miners
These were the deadliest hazards for miners in coal and metal/nonmetal surface mines between 2011 and 2015, with the number of corresponding fatalities.
Slip/fall of a person:
Fall of face, rib, or high wall
Fall of roof or back:
Exploding & breaking agents:
Breakdown of Metal/Nonmetal Mine Fatalities:
Here are the total metal/nonmetal mine fatalities between 2011 and 2015, broken down by nature of the incident.
2011: 16, 2012: 16, 2013: 22, 2014: 29, 2015: 17.
of the 100 metal/nonmetal mine fatalities between 2011 and 2015: 77% took place in surface mines and 23% took place in underground mines.
POWERED HAULAGE: 2011:4, 2012: 6, 2013: 7, 2014: 8, 2015: 4 = 29
MACHINERY: 2011-2014: 3. 2015: 5 = 17
SLIP/FALL OF A PERSON: 2011-2012: 3, 2013: 1, 2014: 7, 2015: 2 =16
FALL/SLIDING MATERIAL: 2011: 1, 2012: 2, 2013: 4, 2014: 5, 2015: 3 = 15
EXPLODING & BREAKING AGENTS: 2011: 1, 2012: 0, 2013: 4, 2014-2015:0 = 5
FALL OF FACE, RIB, OR HIGHWALL: 2011: 0, 2012: 2, 2013: 1, 2014: 2, 2015: 0 = 5
OTHER: 2011: 1, 2012: 0, 2013-2015: 1 = 4
FALL OF ROOF OR BACK: 2011: 2, 2012-2014: 0, 2015: 1= 3
ELECTRICAL: 2011: 1, 2012: 0, 2013-2014: 1, 2015: 0= 3
HOISTING: 2011-2013: 0, 2014-2015: 1= 2
IGNITION/EXPLOSION OF GAS/DUST: 2011-2013: 0, 2014: 1, 2015: 0= 1
Breakdown of Coal Mine Fatalities
Here are the total coal mine fatalities between 2011 and 2015, broken down by nature of the incident.
2011: 20, 2012: 20, 2013: 20, 2014: 16. 2015: 11
of the 87 coal mine fatalities between 2011 and 2015: 38% took place in surface mines and 62% took place in underground mines
MACHINERY: 2011: 7, 2012: 4, 2013: 7, 2014: 5, 2015: 3 = 26
POWERED HAULAGE: 2011: 4, 2012: 3, 2013: 6, 2014: 5, 2015: 3 = 21
FALL OF FACE, RIB, OR HIGHWALL: 2011: 5, 2012: 1, 2013: 2, 2014: 3, 2015: 2 = 13
FALL OF ROOF OR BACK: 2011: 1, 2012: 2, 2013: 3, 2014- 2015: 1 = 8
SLIP/FALL OF A PERSON: 2011: 1, 2012: 4, 2013-2014: 0, 2015: 1 = 6
OTHER: 2011: 0, 2012: 2, 2013-2014: 1, 2015: 0 = 4
ELECTRICAL: 2011: 1, 2012: 0, 2013-2014: 1, 2015: 0 = 3
EXPLODING VESSELS UNDER PRESSURE: 2011: 0, 2012-2013: 1, 2014-2015: 0 = 2
FALL/SLIDING MATERIAL: 2011: 1, 2012-2014: 0, 2015: 1 = 2
HANDLING MATERIAL: 2011: 0, 2012: 1, 2013-2015: 0 = 1
HOISTING: 2011-2012: 0, 2013: 1, 2014-15: 0 = 1
Breaking Down the Various Hazards
Includes collisions with mobile equipment, such as hauling trucks and bulldozers, and accidents involving belt conveyors (such as not following lockout/tagout (LO/TO) procedures, a lack of machine guarding, or inadequate communication with workers performing the task).
Includes machines in motion and energized equipment (that should have been subject to lockout/tagout procedures).
Means that a material falls or slides to a lower level (due to openings that aren't covered or secured, improper or missing barricades, suspended loads, and other errors).
Fall of Roof, Face, Rib, Back & High Wall
Occurs when a mine's support structure or roof collapses.
Includes fires, explosions, LO/TO violations on electrical equipment, or power line clearance.
Exploding Vessels Under Pressure
Occurs when a pressurized container explodes, due to equipment failure.
Accidents are when heavy materials strike a worker, usually during construction or installation tasks. This usually results from using improper rigging when installing something, not having spotters, or a combination of the two.
Slip/Fall of a Person
Occurs when a worker slips and falls, whether due to a lack of PPE, unguarded holes, weather conditions, or other factors.
Exploding & Breaking Agents
Includes fatalities where employees weren't protected from the blast area, flyrock, or any gasses present on the jobsite.
Incidents (such as drowning) that don't fall into the categories.
Fatalities involve hoists and scoops that transport miners and supplies in and out of a mine.
Ignition/Explosion of Gas/Dust
Occurs when explosive gas or dust is ignited.
Create an effective LO/TO program with a free Best Practice Guide to Lockout/Tagout. Visit GraphicProducts.com/Loto-Guide
Top 10 MSHA Violations in 2015
What were the most common violations found by MSHA inspectors in 2015?
Accumulation of Combustible Materials: 4,377
Mine Shaft Ventilation Plan: 2,233
Roof, Face, & Ribs: 1,742
Moving Machine Parts: 1,737
Incombustible Rock Dust: 1,710
Other Safeguards: 1,538
Required Maintenance of Electrical Equipment: 1,505
Electrical Conductor Size & Current Capacity: 1,225
Roof Control Plan: 1,170
Electrical Equipment Maintenance & Testing: 1,152
Grab the gear that keeps workers safe. Visit GraphicProducts.com for LO/TO devices, respiratory protection, and more.
How Can You Keep Employees Safe?
There are numerous steps you can take to keep miners safe and out of harms' way. Here are a few:
Before You Begin the Job
- Conduct a risk assessment
- Inspect the jobsite to account for hazards
- Communicate hazards to coworkers and supervisors
During the Course of a Job
- Use guardrails and other devices to prevent slips, trips, and falls
- Use lockout/tagout procedures whenever working around energized equipment
- Examine machines before beginning and completing tasks
On An Ongoing Basis
- Replace equipment guarding after maintenance
- Provide and wear PPE whenever specific tasks call for it
- Provide thorough training
- Implement a near-miss reporting program
- Establish policies and procedures that promote a culture of safety
- Regularly inspect and maintain equipment
- Regularly inspect the integrity of roofs, ribs, face, and highwalls
Run an efficient, more organized mine with a free Best Practice Guide for Continuous Improvement in Mining. Visit GraphicProducts.com/Mining-Guide
The Elements of A Thorough Risk Assessment
MSHA has developed an acronym—SLAM RISKS—to help workers conduct a risk assessment and control any hazards present on the jobsite. The acronym breaks down as follows:
Stop and Consider the Work Involved
- Do you have the training, knowledge, and skills to safely perform this task?
- Do you need assistance or permission from supervisors to perform the duty?
Look and Identify the Hazards
- Keep an eye out for hazards before beginning work—and continue doing so until the task is done.
- What are the necessary steps for performing this task, and have you identified potential hazards for each successive step?
Analyze What Needs to be Done
- Check that you have the necessary tools and PPE before beginning.
- Understand the procedures and risks associated with the task.
- Let all impacted coworkers know you're tackling a particular job.
- Talk with a supervisor if you can't eliminate all hazards.
Manage Safety by Developing and Implementing Controls
- Take all necessary steps to ensure the job is completed safely.
- Control all hazards by following proper procedures, eliminating hazards where possible, using PPE, continually reassessing safety, and asking for help (if necessary).
Remember to Look for Changes
- Keep an eye out for sudden or unusual changes to normal conditions.
- Assess any risks associated with a new task, procedure, or condition.
Identify All Potential Risks
- Reflect on your familiarity with all aspects of the particular job
- Ask for help if you're unfamiliar with certain tasks or risks.
Share What You Find, and Include Others Impacted by the Job and the Risks
- Communicate with employees who might be working closely or whose work depends on your completion of the task.
Know What Others on Your Jobsite are Doing
- Talk with employees whose work might impact your job to assess risks or hazards.
- Take note when others' routines, jobs, or tasks change—and think about how it might impact you.
Safety is Everyone's Job
- Employers should work to develop and promote a culture of safety throughout their mines.
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Protect miners from the deadliest hazards. Download your free guide to Mine Safety Best Practices.