Inform affected employees that normal operation can resume.
At each step, it should be clear who is responsible for each task, and how that task should be performed.
Once the plan has been made, the people who will follow that plan need to understand it. Training is key. But not all workers will need the same training.
Under the NFPA 70E approach to safety, the core requirement for electrical safety training is this: electrical work should only be performed by a qualified person.
This has confused people in the past; what makes someone a “qualified person,” anyway? In short, a qualified person is one who has the training, knowledge, and skills to:
- perform the given task,
- understand and work with the given equipment, and
- identify and respond appropriately to the hazards involved.
It’s not a certification or a license; identifying a person as qualified for a given task is simply asking whether that person is prepared to do that task effectively and safely. Someone who is not prepared that way is considered an unqualified person.
Because the “qualified” criteria are based on the task at hand, a person could be qualified for one job but not another, or qualified to work on one piece of equipment, but not another. General training is a good start, but detailed and task-specific training may be needed before work can begin.
When it comes to lockout/tagout training, a slightly different approach is used. Here, OSHA’s regulations describe three categories:
- Authorized employees are those who will perform the work requiring lockout/tagout.
- Affected employees are those whose work will be affected when equipment is locked or tagged out.
- Other employees are generally unaffected by the actual practice of lockout/tagout.
Keep records of your training, including who was trained, at what level, and when. Don’t hesitate to provide retraining whenever your process or equipment changes, an employee is reassigned, or your periodic reviews show a problem. Retraining is far less expensive than an injury; according to an OSHA fact sheet , “workers injured on the job from exposure to hazardous energy lose an average of 24 workdays for recuperation.”
To learn the Hierarchy of Controls to address electrical hazards, and practical advice on safety with an effective lockout tagout program, watch the full webinar on demand now!